SITE INDEX

Distribution or Occurrence of Moths by State, USDA Requirements

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Join the U.S. Notification List: This is how we get the word out when we have new livestock. It's extremely important due to the time sensitivity of moth ova and sometimes limited supplies of pupae and ova. Canadian customers please join Canadian List. Canada Sales Page


The USDA only allows moths to be shipped into states where they already occur. It is the responsibility of the customer to determine whether or not you can receive moths based on the state list, below. We will, of course, check your order and mailing address, and cancel any portion of your order that is not in compliance. We prefer, though, that you check the state list, below, and order only moths that are allowed in your state, or you can contact us and request a list of moths you are allowed to receive.


ALTERNATELY, you can apply for receiving permits, which are free and more likely to be approved than our shipping permits. If you are approved, we can ship approved moth species to you based on your permits. I've posted a page of instructions on how to apply for USDA/APHIS permits.


Related links: USDA Requirements, Permitting Process, Receiving Permits Process, Permitting Details, Permit Finalization, Customer Letter, Sample Permit


Alabama: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01501 NY) Return to ordering section.


Alaska: None Return to ordering section.


Arizona: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


Arkansas: Luna, Polyphemus, Cecropia, Regalis (P526P-16-00761 NY) Return to ordering section.


California: Polyphemus, Cecropia (P526P-16-00784 NY) Return to ordering section.


Colorado: Polyphemus, Cecropia (P526P-16-01212 NY) Return to ordering section.


Connecticut: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Cynthia, Regalis (P526P-16-01043 NY) Return to ordering section.


Delaware: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Cynthia, Regalis (P526P-16-00825 NY) Return to ordering section.


D.C.: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01866 NY) (NY - LOD/exceptions listed) Return to ordering section.


Florida: FL is weird. The State wants $50 to ship insects into it, but their letter isn't clear whether we're supposed to pay it or customers are. Fact is, we can't afford it, and I doubt customers can either, so we're dropping FL even though APHIS has issued a permit to us. Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01215 NY) Return to ordering section.


Georgia: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Regalis (P526P-16-00827 NY) Return to ordering section.


Hawaii: None Return to ordering section.


Idaho: Polyphemus, Cecropia (P526P-16-00765 NY) Return to ordering section.


Illinois: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00768 NY) Return to ordering section.


Indiana: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00760 NY) Return to ordering section.


Iowa: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Regalis, Cecropia (P526P-16-00839 NY) Return to ordering section.


Kansas: Polyphemus, Cecropia (P526P-16-00964 NY) Return to ordering section.


Kentucky: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Regalis (P526P-16-00782 NY) Return to ordering section.


Louisiana: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Regalis (P526P-16-00834 NY) Return to ordering section.


Maine: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Columbia (P526P-16-00762 NY) Return to ordering section.


Maryland: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00832 NY) Return to ordering section.


Massachusetts: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01042 NY) Return to ordering section.


Michigan: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00830 NY)Return to ordering section.


Minnesota: Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00884 NY) Return to ordering section.


Mississippi: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00767 NY) Return to ordering section.


Missouri: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Regalis (P526P-16-00829 NY) Return to ordering section.


Montana: Polyphemus, Cecropia (P526P-16-01566 NY) (NY - LOD/exceptions listed) Return to ordering section.


Nebraska: Polyphemus, Cecropia (P526P-16-01210 NY) Return to ordering section.


Nevada: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


New Hampshire: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00956 NY) Return to ordering section.


New Jersey: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Cynthia (P526P-16-00778 NY) Return to ordering section.


New Mexico: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


New York: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia, Cynthia, Regalis (NY - no permit needed for instate transport) (WI - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


N. Carolina: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00780 NY) Return to ordering section.


N. Dakota: Polyphemus (P526P-16-00763 NY) Return to ordering section.


Ohio: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01209 NY) (P526P-13-01626 WI) Return to ordering section.


Oklahoma: Polyphemus (P526P-16-00779 NY) Return to ordering section.


Oregon: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


Pennsylvania: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00885 NY) Return to ordering section.


Rhode Island: Luna, Polyphemus, Cecropia, Promethea, Cynthia (P526P-16-01039 NY) Return to ordering section.


S. Carolina: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00872 NY) Return to ordering section.


S. Dakota: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


Tennessee: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00835 NY) Return to ordering section.


Texas: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


Utah: Cecropia (P526P-16-01033 NY) Return to ordering section.


Vermont: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00957 NY) Return to ordering section.


Virginia: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01867 NY) (NY - LOD/exceptions listed) Return to ordering section.


Washington: None (NY - LOD/denied) Return to ordering section.


W. Virginia: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-00838 NY) Return to ordering section.


Wisconsin: Luna, Polyphemus, Promethea, Cecropia (P526P-16-01213 NY) Return to ordering section.


Wyoming: Polyphemus (P526P-16-00766 NY) Return to ordering section.

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USDA APHIS Requirements


After much inquiring, I was finally able to establish that breeders selling indigenous Saturniidae moths must have permits from the USDA for interstate shipping, unless their recipients have individual receiving permits. This information came from Wayne Wehling, PhD, Senior Entomologist, USDA APHIS PPQ. The permits and permitting process are free of charge. The process takes at least 30 days (but more like 2 to 3.5 months) following submission. To expedite the process, Dr. Wehling highly recommends submitting electronically via eAuthentication on the APHIS website by first creating an e-account. There needs to be a permit application submitted for each state a breeder plans to ship to. The final determination is made by APHIS. Only moths known to already occur in any given state will be permitted.


Shipping moths within a breeder's home state does not require a permit.


The following, written by Dr. Wehling, pertains to butterflies, but I suspect it pertains to moths as well: Regarding the collection of wild butterflies to be sold for release or exhibit, this is not covered by USDA regulations, but rather is incorporated into the permit conditions as a way to minimize the impact on natural systems. Again, this would only cover specimens shipped interstate. Permits for interstate transport and environmental release of butterflies include the following condition: "No field collected individuals may be shipped - only laboratory produced individuals". Now, does this have any weight? If we can show that someone is violating this permit condition we could revoke the permit. If the person were to continue shipping interstate without a permit we could then impose a fine. To my knowledge, no such fine has been pursued for field collected specimens of butterflies. http://www.butterflybreeders.com/public/release_policy_wild-caughts_USDA.html

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Permitting Process


Information on permitting for hobbyist moth breeders is sorely lacking on the internet and on the USDA APHIS web site. Neither do I get the impression that APHIS patrols moth breeders carefully. Most hobbyist moth breeders do not have permits. Most think permits are not needed based on word of mouth information among themselves. Breeders using a popular insect trading site are not contacted unless they try to sell nonindigenous species, referred to as exotics.


To be in compliance with the law, my partner and I are pursuing permits. We're using eAuthentication. (Optionally, one can fill out paper applications and mail them, for which no e-account is required.)


APHIS is seriously considering dropping some moths from the permitting requirement, which would be very sweet. But, to give you a sense of how slowly this is moving, the original proposal and list was published 4Oct.2000, and the most recent update and list on 20May2011. Worse, we've been whittled down to Antheraea polyphemus only. So, if they ever complete this process, I'll post the Saturniids here.


E-account sign-up: The easiest way to explain it is to check out this link. Everything on the page is what you're required to submit. Having done so, and then having followed the instructions to authenticate the account, the last step is to present yourself to a USDA Service Center (there are many, everywhere), along with an I.D. such as your drivers license. When that step is completed, your account is ready for you to begin submitting your applications.


Paper permit applications Form 526 look like this, but the electronic version is more involved. Dr. Wehling explained to me how to properly complete it, posted below.


If you have questions regarding regulations and permits, don't contact me. I know nothing other than what's stated on this page. Contact USDA APHIS, Pest Permits.

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Electronic permit application process:

  1. In blue-gray field on left, click "Create\Renew\Amend Application"
  2. Select "Plant Protection & Quarantine"
  3. Select "PPQ 526"
  4. Select "No."
  5. Select "New"
  6. Most of the information on this page will carry over from your eAuthentication account. If not, it's all about you; fill it out accordingly and logically. Hit "continue."
  7. Click "Enter New Article"
  8. "Originally collected," select whatever is appropriate, preferably "Within the Continental U.S." "Intended use," select "Commercial Biological Supply"
  9. Scroll down to "Find regulated article by category" and select "Invertebrate Pests - Insects." Step 2 options will load; wait, then select them, one at a time. Upon selection, hold "Ctrl" key (Windows) or "Shift" key (Mac) and simultaneously click ">>" to move multiple insects to the selection field on right. Insects are listed alphabetically. If help is needed for their full scientific names, do a web search for their common name, and you'll find both names in their Wikipedia articles. When all your insects are selected, click "continue."
  10. For "Life Stage(s)," select all that apply. I recommend only "egg" and "pupae," so you don't have to ship food plants. For "Established in US?" select "yes." (This submission is for indigenous species only. You're on your own if you're applying to sell/ship exotics.) For "Major Host," list the main plants that your insect selections feed on. For "Additional Accompanying Material," select "None." For "Quantity" I entered "unknown." For "Units of Measure" I entered "Specimens." Click "continue."
  11. Do not enter anything for "Culture Designation." Click "continue."
  12. Click "Done Entering Articles."
  13. "Movement Type" select "Interstate Movement," as you are intending to ship these across state lines. For "Approximate Dates" enter "unknown."
  14. Under "Interstate - Origination . . ." click "Multiple States."
  15. You should select all your insect choices. The USDA will cancel those you cannot ship to a particular state. For "Origination States" only select your state. Then click "continue."
  16. Click "Done With Origination Points"
  17. For "Destination - . . ." select one state that you plan to ship to (red star item only). I recommend starting with Alabama, as this will make it easy to create all subsequent applications, as you will work through them alphabetically. No address is needed - just the state. For "release" select "yes," as you have no control over what your customers will do. The release section will load; select the same state as the destination state. Then click "continue."
  18. Click "Enter New Proposed Measure."
  19. "Proposed Measure" select "All Articles." For "Escape Prevention" check "Other" and describe as (this is our rearing method) "Raise indoors in sealed containers." For "Final Disposition Method," you have no control over what the customer does. Check "Other." For description we entered "Varies by customer." We commented "I suspect customers will release, or continue breeding, or use for insect collection specimens, but I don't know." Click "continue."
  20. "Proposed Measures Summary" click "Done with Proposed Measures."
  21. If you have nothing to attach, click "continue."
  22. If you feel good about your completed form (you can view it by clicking "Printable Version"), then click "Certify and Submit," which completes the process for your first application.

If you return "Home," you can click on "All saved applications," copy the top one that you've submitted, then go through it and change the destination state. Just click the "Done" buttons until you get to that section, change the state only, including the release section (always match with destination state), and finally submit each application.


If you plan to ship to all continental states plus D.C., you will need to submit an application for each. You need not submit one for your home state, as the USDA only regulates saturniids that are shipped across state lines. You will be filing 48 applications.


I do not guarantee the accuracy of these instructions. There could be typos. There could be other errors. If you are unsure of this process, contact the USDA APHIS.

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Permit Finalization


About two months passed before I started seeing responses to our applications. The responses included conditions we had to agree to, nineteen in all. There were errors and problems. For one thing, conditions 9 and 10 involved the state of Florida, but our bugs are raised in New York, Wisconsin, and Ohio. So, I agreed to the condition but included a note explaining where our bugs were being raised. Each time, APHIS corrected the conditions and required me to resubmit all the answers again. Finally, they caught on and blanket-corrected the conditions to the proper state.


Then there was the infamous letter, condition 6, that's required to be included with each shipment. The condition states that the letter is included with the permit, but it was not. I wrote about the lack in the comments of probably four different responses, and they finally tacked it onto an approved permit, exactly one, even though it's required with each permit. Oh well. One was really all I needed. It needs to be printed on colored paper and included with absolutely every shipped order. I'm including a copy, below, which is not standard size and intended only as informational. Note the customer requirements.

USDA/APHIS receiving customer requirements

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Click to view sample permit PDF file. Sample is for state of Idaho and does not include any identification of holder. Permit conditions are the same for each state; only moth species vary by state.


Bombyx mori/mulberry silkmoths are not regulated by the USDA and do not require any permit unless they are imported stock..

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CONTACT

Please note: If you are inquiring about moth rearing but are a different vendor's customer, please read the information on this web site, but contact your own vendor instead. I will gladly answer customer questions on this topic, but non customers are making inconsiderate demands of my time, and I am too busy for this. My information is already available on this site. Please make use of it.

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Rev.2Feb13


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